Electricians are responsible for both installing and maintaining electrical systems in residences, business, and industrial structures. Most electricians focus on either installing electrical systems or instead maintaining existing ones. As this article details the work of an electrician starts by studying blueprints that show them where the circuits, panel boards, load centers, and other electrical equipment is located. They then start to install and connect all of the wiring that gets attached to transformers, outlets, and circuit breakers.
They work both indoors and outside. This can include homes, business, industrial facilities, and construction sites. The job of an electrician can be both mentally and physically taxing. They have to lift heavy objects and can need to stoop or kneel for extended periods of time. They follow strict safety procedures as they are working with high voltage electricity which can harm or even kill them. Most electricians work 40 hours a week but they can also need to work overtime.
A high school education or GED is needed to become an electrician. They learn the job both in classrooms and out in the field. Many take part in apprenticeship programs where they are paid while they learn their trade. Local unions offer apprenticeship training programs where they team up with experienced electricians. Most are apprentices for four years before they are qualified to move to the next level.
An electrician las vegas nv, for example, needs to take 144 hours of classroom instruction each year they are an apprentice. They also spend another 2,000 hours out in the field where they gain practical on-the-job training experience. Electricians continue to take educational courses throughout the course of their careers, especially as the National Electrical Code is frequently revised and updated.
Just about every state requires electricians to be licensed. They usually have to pass a written exam about the National Electrical Code, electrical theory, and the building codes that apply in both their state and the local area in which they operate. In addition to a high school diploma or GED, they must also show physical skills such as a good sense of balance, manual dexterity, and good color vision.
The Wikipedia entry on being an electrician, found here, lists the three levels of being an electrician. They start out as apprentices, move up to journeyman, and can become a master electrician. There are two primary types of electricians. Linemen work for the local electric utility company and so what they deal with is very high voltage power. Wiremen work with lower voltage electricity, although it is still dangerous. Wiremen specialize in either low-voltage wiring, residential, commercial, light industrial, or industrial applications.
The license of an electrician is valid in their own state. Most states will recognize licenses from other states, however, which is called interstate reciprocity participation. An example of this is California which will allow electricians licensed in Utah, Nevada, and Arizona to work in their state. This is especially important during emergencies when a state needs as many electricians as possible such as during major power outages.